Project M²—Kindergarten: Teacher Resources




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Geometry Resources

Ideas for thematic geometric activities.

Navigating Through Geometry in Pre-kindergarten–Grade 2
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2001). Navigating through geometry in pre-kindergarten–grade 2. Reston, VA: Author.
Focusing on the important ideas of geometry, this book shows how to investigate 2- and 3-dimensional shapes with very young students. It introduces methods to describe location and position, explores simple transformations, and addresses visualization, spatial reasoning, and the building and drawing of constructions. Activities in each chapter pose questions that stimulate students to think more deeply about mathematical ideas.

Measurement Resources

Ideas for thematic measurement activities.

Illuminations: Ladybug Lengths

Navigating Through Measurement in Prekindergarten–Grade 2
Dacey, L., Cavanagh, M., Findell, C. R., Greenes, C. E., Sheffield, L. J., & Small, M. (2003). Navigating through measurement in prekindergarten–grade 2. Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
This book introduces students in grades PreK-2 to the basic ideas of comparing and ordering lengths, weights, time and capacities. It includes engaging hands-on activities that develop these ideas, along with the concepts of units and measure and the use of measurement tools. Explorations with various nonstandard and standard units lead students to generalize the measurement process as the assigning of a numerical value to an attribute of an object or event.

Children’s Literature


Frog and Toad Are Friends
Lobel, A. (1970). Frog and toad are friends. New York, NY: Harper Collins.

A Frog Prince
Berenzy, A. (1991). A frog prince. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company.

Grandfather Tang’s Story
Tompert, A. (1997). Grandfather Tang’s story. New York, NY: Dragonfly Books.

The Icky Sticky Frog
Bentley, D. (2008). The icky sticky frog. Atlanta, GA: Piggy Toes Press.

Jack the Builder
Murphy, S. (2006). Jack the builder. New York, NY: Harper Collins.

Jump Frog, Jump
Kaplan, R. (2003). Jump frog, jump. New York, NY: Harper Festival Books.


Gibbons, G. (1994). Frogs. New York, NY: Holliday House Books.

Face to Face with Frogs
Moffett, M. (2008). Face to face with frogs. Washington, DC: National Geographic Children’s Books.

Frog: A Photographic Portrait
Marent, T., & Jackson, T. (2008). Frog: A photographic portrait. New York, NY: DK Publishing.

Resources for Learning About Frogs

Kidszone Fun Facts for Kids
Multiple resources for learning about frogs including reproducibles of the Life Cycle, songs, riddles, coloring pages, and more.

Enchanted Learning
Provides information about the Life Cycle of the Frog

Resource related to frogs.

Resources for Learning About Space

Star Child
Information about the Solar System.

General Mathematics Resources

Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.
This book is the seminal document on developing mathematical knowledge in students in grades Pre-K to 12. The six principles outlined address overarching themes across the curriculum. The 10 standards include both content and process standards and describe a connected body of mathematical understanding and competencies recommended for all students. Widely cited, these standards are the basis for most state curriculum objectives.

Curriculum Focal Points for Pre-K–Grade 8 Mathematics: A Quest for Coherence
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Curriculum focal points for pre-K–grade 8 mathematics: A quest for coherence. Reston, VA: Author.
This publication is offered by NCTM as a starting point in a dialogue on what is important at particular levels of instruction and as an initial step toward a more coherent, focused curriculum. At each grade level three important focal points on mathematical topics are outlined. These areas of instructional emphasis can serve as organizing structures for curriculum and instruction at and across grade levels.

Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, Grades 1-6
Chapin, S. H., O’Connor, C., & Anderson, N. C. (2009). Classroom discussions: Using math talk to help students learn, grades 1-6 (2nd ed.). Sausalito, CA: Math Solutions Publications.
This book introduces five discussion strategies that will help to strengthen students’ thinking and learning skills, as well as, their ability to build connections among mathematical ideas.

The Young Child and Mathematics
Copley, J. V. (2000). The young child and mathematics. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children and National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
This book addresses ways to teach mathematics to students Pre-K – Grade 2. It includes lessons on mathematics processes, numbers and operations, patterns, functions, algebra, geometry, spatial sense, data analysis, and probability.