Project M²—Grade Two: Teacher Resources




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kids & blocks

Geometry Resources

Illuminations: Dynamic Paper

Illuminations: Tessellation Creator

Illuminations: Patch Tool

Illuminations: Shape Tool

Build It! Festival: Teacher’s Guide
Gonsalves, P., & Kopp, J. (1995). Build it! Festival: Teacher’s guide. Berkeley: University of California at Berkeley.
This book is comprised of eight different lessons as part of a unit on geometry. Students will construct 2- and 3-dimensional shapes as they also construct their own understanding of geometry. Pictures and worksheets allow for easier understanding and practice of the ideas expressed in this book.

Math by All Means: Geometry, Grades 1-2
Confer, C. (1994). Math by all means: Geometry, grades 1-2. Sausalito, CA: Math Solutions Publications.
With a detailed 30-day unit, this book helps teachers engage students with the concepts of shapes, patterns and mathematical relationships. The unit emphasizes mathematical communication, as well as, the manipulation of shapes. Assessment tools are also included in the unit so that teachers can determine students’ understanding.

Navigating Through Geometry in Pre-kindergarten–Grade 2
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2001). Navigating through geometry in pre-kindergarten–grade 2. Reston, VA: Author.
Focusing on the important ideas of geometry, this book shows how to investigate 2- and 3-dimensional shapes with very young students. It introduces methods to describe location and position, explores simple transformations, and addresses visualization, spatial reasoning, and the building and drawing of constructions. Activities in each chapter pose questions that stimulate students to think more deeply about mathematical ideas.

Measurement Resources

Illuminations: Going Places

Illuminations: As People Get Older, They Get Taller

Navigating Through Measurement in Prekindergarten–Grade 2
Dacey, L., Cavanagh, M., Findell, C. R., Greenes, C. E., Sheffield, L. J., & Small, M. (2003). Navigating through measurement in prekindergarten–grade 2. Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
This book introduces students in grades PreK-2 to the basic ideas of comparing and ordering lengths, weights, time and capacities. It includes engaging hands-on activities that develop these ideas, along with the concepts of units and measure and the use of measurement tools. Explorations with various nonstandard and standard units lead students to generalize the measurement process as the assigning of a numerical value to an attribute of an object or event.

Children’s Literature


Where’s the Fly?
Cohen, C. L. (1996). Where’s the fly? New York, NY: Greenwillow.
A fly on a dog’s nose is viewed from a variety of perspectives. This beautifully illustrated book helps children develop an understanding of spatial relationships.

Meerkat Mail
Gravett, E. (2007). Meerkat mail. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
This fiction book tells the story of Sunny, the meerkat, who lives in the Kalahari dessert with his family. Sunny leaves his family to explore other places meerkats live but in his adventures he discovers that the best place for him is with his family. The book contains postcards that Sunny writes to his family while on his trip. It is appropriate for ages 4-8.

Guess How Much I Love You
McBratney, S. (1994). Guess how much I love you. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick.
In this book, little and big nut-brown hares show their feelings for one another by jumping, running, and describing many different length measurements. Children love to make and record their own measurements, to tell parents how much the love them.

The Bicycle Man
Say, A. (1982). The bicycle man. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Japanese children holding a sports festival in their country schoolyard are charmed by two American soldiers’ bicycle tricks. This engaging story suggests how many measurement skills are necessary in judging sports events.

Giraffe and a Half
Silverstein, S. (1964). Giraffe and a half. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
“If you had a giraffe and he stretched another half…” is how this humorous story begins. The book provides an introduction to measuring length and measuring half of a given length. Children love to make models of their bodies that are half of their real height.


Water, Water Everywhere
Bix, C. O., & Rauzon, M. (1995). Water, water everywhere. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books for Children.
This simple book examines all of the forms of water on earth. Stunning full-color photographs are interspersed with poetic yet informative descriptions of what water is and why it is important. The book makes the subject very accessible as it shows familiar scenes of gulls and other wildlife; children sitting on the beach, walking in the rain, and having a snowball fight; and such natural phenomena as storm clouds and geysers.

How Many Bugs in a Box?
Carter, D. A. (1988). How many bugs in a box? New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
This pop-up counting book contains a variety of boxes, each holding a specific number of bugs. It provides an introduction to the concepts of capacity and leads children to similar investigations.

Architecture: Shapes
Crosbie, M., & Steve R. (1993). Architecture: Shapes. Washington, DC: Preservation Press.
Shapes are featured with line drawings opposite photographs of architectural elements.

Weaver, R. (1999). Meerkats. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
This non-fiction book relates basic information about meerkats. It includes high quality photographs and easy language suitable for ages 6-9. Also, at the end of the book there is a glossary.

Resources for Learning about Meerkats

National Geographic Kids

National Geographic

Resources for Learning about the Kalahari Desert

Enchanted Learning – Desert Habitats

General Mathematics Resources

Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.
This book is the seminal document on developing mathematical knowledge in students in grades Pre-K to 12. The six principles outlined address overarching themes across the curriculum. The 10 standards include both content and process standards and describe a connected body of mathematical understanding and competencies recommended for all students. Widely cited, these standards are the basis for most state curriculum objectives.

Curriculum Focal Points for Pre-K–Grade 8 Mathematics: A Quest for Coherence
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Curriculum focal points for pre-K–grade 8 mathematics: A quest for coherence. Reston, VA: Author.
This publication is offered by NCTM as a starting point in a dialogue on what is important at particular levels of instruction and as an initial step toward a more coherent, focused curriculum. At each grade level three important focal points on mathematical topics are outlined. These areas of instructional emphasis can serve as organizing structures for curriculum and instruction at and across grade levels.

Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, Grades 1-6
Chapin, S. H., O’Connor, C., & Anderson, N. C. (2009). Classroom discussions: Using math talk to help students learn, grades 1-6 (2nd ed.). Sausalito, CA: Math Solutions Publications.
This book introduces five discussion strategies that will help to strengthen students’ thinking and learning skills, as well as, their ability to build connections among mathematical ideas.

The Young Child and Mathematics
Copley, J. V. (2000). The young child and mathematics. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children and National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
This book addresses ways to teach mathematics to students Pre-K – Grade 2. It includes lessons on mathematics processes, numbers and operations, patterns, functions, algebra, geometry, spatial sense, data analysis, and probability.